Talks between the EU and the UK are under way to reach a post-Brexit free trade agreement before the end of the year. The EU manages trade relations with third countries in the form of trade agreements. They aim to create better business opportunities and overcome the obstacles associated with them. The UK and THE EU are negotiating a trade deal that is expected to start on 1 January 2021, when the new UK-EU relationship will begin. The UK government is also conducting trade negotiations with countries that do not currently have trade agreements with the EU, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. The fourth EU Implementation Report (other languages), published in November 2020 and preceded by the preface by DG Commerce Director-General Sabine Weyand (other languages), provides an overview of the results achieved in 2019 and the remarkable work for the EU`s 36 main preferential trade agreements. The accompanying staff working document provides detailed information in accordance with the trade agreement and trading partners. How can companies use EU trade agreements and save tariffs? (pdf, 274 Kt) The European Union negotiates free trade agreements on behalf of all its member states, as EU member states have granted „exclusive jurisdiction” to conclude trade agreements. Nevertheless, the governments of the Member States control every step of the process (through the Council of the European Union, whose members are the national ministers of each national government). Any existing EU agreement, which will not be rushed, will end on 31 December and future trade will take place on WTO terms until an agreement is reached.
The European Union has free trade agreements  and other agreements with a trade component with many countries around the world and negotiates with many other countries.  Ongoing trade negotiations between the EU and third countries include: trade agreements also aim to remove quotas – limiting the amount of goods that can be traded. The aim of this InBrief series is to provide a summary of the chapters of the ten free trade agreements recently concluded by the European Union with developing countries, as well as, if necessary, other relevant trade agreements. Each letter provides a detailed and schematic overview of a number of trade and trade provisions of these agreements. A free trade agreement aims to promote trade – usually with goods, but also sometimes with services – by making it cheaper. This is often achieved by reducing or eliminating so-called tariffs – taxes or taxes on cross-border trade.