Marine Biodiversity Agreement

The 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (entered into force on 29 December 1993; 196 Contracting Parties) provides, in addition to the definition of biological diversity, that its Parties are responsible for the fact that activities under their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or territories outside the borders of national jurisdiction (Article 3). and must cooperate, directly or through competent international organisations, to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity (Article 5). The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Equitable and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Exploitation, 2010 (Entry into force – 12 October 2014; 107 Parties), applies to genetic resources referred to in Article 15 of the CBD (access to genetic resources) and to traditional knowledge related to genetic resources falling within the scope of the Convention. . . .