What Is The Status Of The Iran Nuclear Agreement

There have been many objections to the IAEA`s positive reports, but none are evidence of a violation of the agreement. [fn] A former U.S. nuclear negotiator called the objections „technical taunts.” Crisis Group interview, New York, September 27, 2016.Hide footnote They are not related to what they contain, but to what they omit: details of Iran`s low-enriched uranium reserves and advanced research on centrifuges. However, the IAEA does not have a mandate to report publicly on these issues. (However, P5+1s receive a detailed and confidential report that covers these issues.) An agency official said: „Before the JCPOA, six UN Security Council resolutions required the agency to provide so many details, but these were overturned by a new resolution that has no such requirement, and there is no reason to violate confidentiality. [fn] Interview with the Crisis Group, head of the IAEA, Vienna, November 2016. Critics say the lack of data has made it impossible to independently determine Iran`s compliance with the regulations. David Albright, Serena Kelleher-Vergantini and Andrea Stricker, „IAEA`s First Post-Implementation Day Report: Key Information Missing,” Institute for Science and International Security, February 26, 2016. The Iranians see the generalized format as a springboard to normalize their nuclear program. Crisis Group interview, Iranian official, Vienna, November 2016.Hide footnote Before negotiations with Iran began in the mid-2010s, Iran`s „break time” – or the time it would take to produce the first bomb material in a global effort – had been reduced to a few months, an estimate based on the quantity and type of its raw material, and the quantity and type of gas centrifuges, which are available for the production of weapons-grade uranium.

November 11, 2013: IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano and Ali Akbar Salehi meet in Tehran to continue talks on an approach to the agency`s investigations into Iran`s past nuclear activities with possible military dimensions. Amano and Salehi sign a framework cooperation agreement. The framework sets out the first practical steps Iran must take within three months, including IAEA access to the Arak heavy water production facility and the Gchine uranium mine, as well as the provision of information on new research reactors and nuclear power plants that Iran intends to build. The statement commits the parties to cooperate „aimed at ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran`s nuclear programme by resolving all outstanding issues that have not yet been resolved by the IAEA.” February 27, 2005: Russia and Iran reach an agreement on the supply of nuclear fuel, in which Russia would provide fuel for the Bushehr reactor it built and Iran would return the spent nuclear fuel to Russia. The deal aims to prevent Iran from extracting plutonium for nuclear weapons from spent nuclear fuel. One year after a year, the JCPOA is operational but fragile, mainly because the political environment behind the nuclear impasse has not changed. Separating nuclear negotiations from other regional disagreements made sense – no matter how complex the nuclear issue, regional politics is even more so, and there are many more interest groups than the P5+1 – given Iran`s imminent realization of Iran`s ability to break up. .